DEPARTMENT OF ARABIC
India has more than 50,000 people whose mother tongue is Arabic, according to data provided in the 2001 Census on linguistic groups. Post-independence, Arabic has received renewed attention from the Indian government. Departments of Arabic were established in many Central and State universities and colleges. At present there are more than 40 universities in India where Arabic is being taught. This is in addition to numerous colleges that offer Arabic as a language and as a Major from Under Graduate level to the Post-Doctoral Research level. Thus, Arabic is no longer confined to Madhrasas or Islamic Schools and it is no longer labelled as the language of Islam. In 1974, Arabic was adopted as one of the six official languages by the united Nations General Assembly which also marked 18th December as World Arabic day.
In fact, Arabic is the mother tongue of people of some twenty countries that stretch from the Atlantic coast of North Africa in the West to the Sultanate of Oman in the East. Besides, Arabic is also held in high esteem by the Muslims, who comprise one third of the world’s population, as it is the language of the Quran and the Hadith. In addition to this, Arabic has emerged as a language of Culture and Commerce in this era of globalisation. In the present globalised world, Arabic no longer appears to be confined to the Muslim community. Non-Muslims have been attracted to the language as to gain an edge in building their careers in the oil rich Arab nations. Now even with the fall of the Petro-dollar and the nationalisation of the work force, new opportunities in sectors of tourism, hospitality, software, logistics and defence keep attracting Muslims and Non-Muslims alike. As a result many non-Muslims learn Arabic in Universities and Colleges in India. At the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, a considerable number of non-Muslims graduate in Arabic every year.
From a historical perspective, according to Oriental historian Philip K. Hitti, Arabic was the language of learning, culture and progressive thought throughout the middle ages. He claims that “between the ninth and twelfth centuries more works philosophical, medical, historical, religious, astronomical and geographical were produced through the medium of Arabic than through any other tongue”.
Our college, which is a pioneer in providing higher education facilities with a missionary zeal to students hailing from Muslim minority community, to the rural agricultural families and other deprived under privileged sections of the society, introduced Arabic as a language under Part I in 1958 itself. With a noble intention of making our students understand the Quran and Hadith better and to provide more job opportunities for them, Arabic has been introduced at the UG level in our college from the Academic year 2016-2017 onwards. The students of B.A. (Arabic) start from the Alphabet level and are trained in Arabic computer applications, Accountancy and Spoken Arabic. The Syllabus framed for B.A. (Arabic) is unique and is unmatched by any institution offering the same course in India. By the introduction of teaching through the use of Multi-media devices, with the kind co-operation of our College Management, we plan to take the teaching and learning of Arabic to the next level.
The UG Department of Arabic, Hajee Karutha Rowther College is headed by Asst. Prof. M. Seyid Abdul Kadher who has done his M.A. and M.Phil. in Arabic, M.A. in English and M.B.A. He has joined the department in June 2014 on the retirement of Associate Prof. Abdul Cader Jailani. He has more than ten years of teaching experience in Arabic language and has presented papers in three International, four National and one Regional seminars. He has also organised a State level one day Workshop on: “Translation and other Career opportunities for Arabic students” at Hajee Karutha Rowther Howdia College (Autonomous), Uthamapalayam, Theni district, Tamilnadu on 13th August 2015. He has also organised “Assembly of intellectuals”, a State level Inter School and Inter College meet on 25th October 2016. He has holds additional administrative responsibilities as the Co-ordinator of the Anti-dowry Club and Member of the Deeniyath committee.
The other Assistant Professors of the department under the Self-financing scheme include Prof. A. Ahamed Faize who has done his Moulavi, Afza-ul-Ulama, M.A. and M.Phil. in Arabic. He has more than five years of teaching experience in Arabic Language and has attended in State level workshop “Globalization of Arabic learning through English Software training”. He also holds additional administrative responsibilities as the Member of the Deeniyath Committee and Member of the Anti-dowry Club. Prof. A. Ahamed Faize joined the department in luy 2014 on the resignation of M. Mohamed Aboobaker.
Ms. K. BUSHRA, Dr. R. MINNALVIZHI and Mr. N. SHAHUL HAMEED joined the department in the later of July 2018. They are good value additions to the department of Arabic.
Programs organised by the Arabic department:
For the first time since its inception, the Arabic department conducted a State level one day Workshop on Translation and other career opportunities for Arabic language students on 13th August 2015. This was also the first programme to be conducted by a department this diamond jubilee year. Students from colleges as far as Vaniyambadi and Trichy participated in this programme. The resource persons Prof. M. Jaffar Sadiq from JMC, Trichy and Pof. M. Shaik Mohamed Ilyas from Wakf board College, Madurai made excellent presentations and won the hearts of one and all. The program was a grand success as the students who participated in it vied with one another in exhibiting their translation skills. The best teams were picked up and were given prizes.
An Orientation programme in Arabic was conducted by Prof. Dr. S. Abdul Maliq, Principal, The New College, on 29th September 2015 for the benefit of Arabic language students. This was preceded by a Board of studies meeting under his guidance to finalize the proposed syllabus for B.A (Arabic) course to be launched in the academic year 2016-2017. Dr. Mujibur Rahman, Asst. Professor, Jamal Mohamed College, Trichy also participated in the meeting and presented their valuable suggestions. Among their suggestions were introducing of Arabic Computers along with translation skills and including Accountancy as an allied subject to make the students more employable.
On the initiative of Arabic department, the Anti-dowry Club of our college was launched by our Secretary and Correspondent on 21st December 2015 with the objective of creating awareness among students on the evils of dowry. This was followed by an entertaining and educative debate by students on who is responsible for all the atrocities relating to dowry. This debate was judged by Moulavi S. Mohamed Shareef Misbahi. This was followed by a special lecture on the evils of dowry delivered by Moulavi A. Mohamed Ismail Kashifi.
Students of Arabic language participated in the first intercollegiate Islamic competition conducted at K.P.National College of Arts & Science on 14th January 2016 and won several prizes. Our students won all the prizes in the quiz programme in which more than hundred students from eight colleges and twenty three schools competed. Out of the six teams that made it to the finals, three teams were from our college and all three won prizes. Our students won the first prize and second prize in the Qirath competition for boys. In the Qirath competition for girls, our student won the second prize. In the Oratorical contest in Tamil for boys, the first prize and the second prize were won by our students. In the Oratorical contest in Tamil for girls, the second prize was won by our student. The exhibit of our boys was chosen as the best and was awarded the first prize. Our girls were awarded the third prize for their exhibit.
The Department of Arabic, conducted a State level meet “Assembly of Intellectuals” on 25th October 2016. The Inter College and Inter School competitions which marked this meet were held under three categories, Category – I for school students including Madrasa students, Category – II for College students who have taken up Arabic as their language at the Foundation level and Category – III for College students who have taken up B.A.(Arabic) including students of Afzal ul Ulema & Maulavi Alim courses. The competitions conducted under each category were: Category – I: Tajweedh, Adhan, Oratorical, Essay writing and Arabic Quiz. Category – II: Tajweedh, Adhan, Oratorical, Arabic Syntax and Islamic Quiz. Category – III: Arabic Essay writing, Arabic Calligraphy and Arabic Translation.
Students of Arabic language participated in the State level intercollege Quiz competition 2016 conducted at Sadaqathullah Appa College in Thirunelveli and won the third place.
Students of B.A (Arabic) participated and presented an exhibit on “Stages of Development of a Human embryo as stated in the Quran” in EXPO’17 – an inter college exhibition on Islam and Science conducted by The Department of Arabic, Jamal Mohamed College, Trichy on 24th January 2017. Their exhibit won the fourth place among 64 exhibits from different colleges.
Thus our Arabic students continue to make a mark in every event they take part and thus bring laurels to our institution.